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Por qué suprimir la anonimidad en Internet es una mala idea, por Bruce Schneier

3 julio, 2018

Bruce Schneier, el gurú de la seguridad, ha publicado en su blog un breve artículo en el que afirma que intentar suprimir la anonimidad en internet no sólo es imposible, si no que es una mala idea por la importancia que tiene para garantizar la libertad de expresión. Unos cuantos extractos del artículo:

The problem is that it won’t work. Any design of the Internet must allow for anonymity. Universal identification is impossible. Even attribution — knowing who is responsible for particular Internet packets — is impossible. Attempting to build such a system is futile, and will only give criminals and hackers new ways to hide.

Not that it really matters. Even if everyone could trace all packets perfectly, to the person or origin and not just the computer, anonymity would still be possible. It would just take one person to set up an anonymity server. If I wanted to send a packet anonymously to someone else, I’d just route it through that server. For even greater anonymity, I could route it through multiple servers. This is called onion routing and, with appropriate cryptography and enough users, it adds anonymity back to any communications system that prohibits it.

Attempts to banish anonymity from the Internet won’t affect those savvy enough to bypass it, would cost billions, and would have only a negligible effect on security. What such attempts would do is affect the average user’s access to free speech, including those who use the Internet’s anonymity to survive: dissidents in Iran, China, and elsewhere.